Keep moving and stay on the toes.
The feet of a good goalkeeper are constantly in motion, and they
dance on the balls of the feet. A sure way for a keeper to get
beat is to have their weight back on their heels. Watch for
this! Not only does this keep them from moving quickly to a
ball, but it has bad effects on their diving and jumping. Your
keeper should have "happy feet", always bouncing on the toes and
with their weight forward.
Stay square to the ball.
Fig. 1: Stay
square to the ball
goalkeepers hips and shoulders should always be square to the
ball; that is, perpendicular to a line between the shooter/ball
and the keeper. (Fig. 1). A common problem is for young keepers
to turn sideways when collecting balls that aren't in front of
them. Make sure they always square up - to do this, they must
behind the ball. It is
easiest to make the save when the ball is directly in front of
them, so they should use their feet to get behind the ball every
time, if possible. A goalkeeper uses two types of steps to do
step - this is used for short distances. The body stays
square to the ball, the feet shuffle quickly but never cross
over. Right foot stays on the right, left on the left.
step - used to cover more ground. Turn the hips and run
in the direction they want to go, but with their upper body
facing the ball. Again, don't cross the feet up - right on
the right, left on the left. This is not a carioca or
"grapevine" step, where one foot passes in front of and then
behind the other alternately.
there is a long way to go, use the crossover, then end with a
few quick shuffles to adjust the final position for making the
catch. A common problem, especially for young players, is to
cross their feet and trip themselves up. Make sure right foot
stays on the right, left on left.
Move forwards to the ball.
The save should always be made forwards, moving towards the
ball. This accomplishes two important things: it allows the
keeper to get to the ball faster, and it gives the keeper the
proper angle to deflect any balls that aren't caught away
from the goal. Do not let your keeper take a step back
when they catch the ball. If anything, they should take a step
Recover quickly, and always keep your hands free.
Just because the goalkeeper goes down with a dive or slide does
not mean the play is over. A parry or deflection may keep the
ball in play, and perhaps send it right to an attacker! The
goalkeeper must regain their feet as quickly as possible.
Preferably, this is done without using the hands so the hands
are ready to make a stop if necessary. There is no set method
for doing this, but goalkeepers should practice getting back up
quickly and without the use of their hands.
footwork is the foundation of solid goalkeeping! Often the
difference between a save and a goal is just half a step. Use the
feet to get the body behind the ball.
At the moment
a shot is taken, the goalkeeper should be square to the
ball, on their toes with their knees bent, hands at the
sides, weight forward, ready to spring quickly in any
direction. This stance is called the ready position (Fig.
Even as the
keeper is moving, they should always be close to this
position so they can react quickly to a shot. The keeper
should almost always come to the ready position just as a
shot is taken, so they can react in any direction necessary.